Everest Base Camp Trek - 16 Key Things To Know In [2023]

Mount Everest View From Kala-Patthar

Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most popular trekking destinations in Nepal because it offers a perfect combination of natural beauty and culture. This Trek is also known as the journey to the base camp of Mt. Everest, the highest mountain in the world.

Every year, thousands of visitors from all over the world visit this place and return with memories that last a lifetime. EBC trek is the ultimate destination for adventure seekers. The route offers breathtaking views of the mountains with alpine forests, magnificent glaciers and icefalls, and high altitude Buddhist monasteries.

It is also a wonderful opportunity to experience the rich Sherpa culture and their warm hospitality.

For trekking enthusiasts, this trip is one of the best experiences you can have. Travelling through some of the remote regions of Nepal offers a glimpse into the beautiful Sherpa culture and way of life.

Along the way you can discover frozen lakes, mountain-fed rivers, ancient monasteries, villages and breathtaking landscapes. The trail passes through several small villages such as Phakding, Namche Bazaar and Dingboche.

On the way you will see many Buddhist monasteries where you can learn about their religion and culture. You will also meet people of different origins. The Everest Base Camp trek is for those who want to experience the ultimate adventure and challenge themselves both physically and mentally. 

The EBC trek offers spectacular views of Mount Everest and other Himalayan peaks such as Nuptse, Lhotse and Ama Dablam, as well as a glimpse into the lives of the people in this remote region.

Table of Contents

Highlights Of Everest Base Camp Trek

Everest Base Camp
  • Trek to the base camp of the highest mountain on earth
  • The Scenic flight to Lukla
  • Explore the fascinating Sherpa culture and tradition
  • Visit Tengboche Monastery, the largest monastery in the Khumbu region.
  • Hike to Kalapatthar and enjoy the spectacular views of Mt. Everest, Lhotse and Ama Dablam!
  • Make your own experience in Khumbu region, one of the most popular regions in Nepal.

Everest Base Camp Trek Rоutе Variations

Everest Base Camp Trek Route Near Gokyo Lake

Everest Base Camp is the Mecca of all trekking destinations in the world. It not only exerts a magical attraction on trekkers, but is also accessible to any hiker with a good physical condition. The route of Everest Base Camp Trek is so well trodden that no trekker can go wrong on this trail.

However, there are various routes to reach Everest Base Camp, all of which have their pros and cons. Below are some of the most popular routes:

The Classic Everest Base Camp Trek:

This is one of the most famous routes to Everest Base Camp. It starts from Lukla and passes through Namche Bazaar, Tengboche Monastery, Dingboche, Lobuche and finally reaches its destination at Gorak Shep. 

The trekker has the opportunity to explore both Everest Base Camp and Kala Patthar on this route, which offers panoramic views of the Khumbu Valley’s Himalayan peaks. Another advantage of this route is that it passes through Namche Bazaar, providing ample time for acclimatization.

Gokyo Lake Trek :

Gokyo Lake Trek is the most popular trekking route in the Everest region of Nepal. The trek goes through some of the most beautiful landscapes in the region and takes you over Gokyo Pass at 5,350 meters (17,569 feet), the highest pass on this trek.

The Gokyo Lake Trek was first described by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 and still attracts many trekkers every year.

The Gokyo Lake Trek and Everest Base Camp Trek are very similar in that they are both multi-day routes through the Everest region and you can combine the two for an extended trekking experience.

The breathtaking panoramic view of Mount Everest, Lhotse, Nupste, Cho Oyu, Pumori, Makalu from Gokyo Ri is a scenic treat that you will remember for a lifetime.


Everest Three Passes Trek

The Everest Three Passes Trek to Everest Base Camp offers trekkers the opportunity to trek in the Everest region of Nepal and circumnavigate the Khumbu Valley.

This is a challenging trek, but also one of the most rewarding. On this trek you will see many different aspects of life in the Khumbu and you will also see many different mountains on this trip.

The main goal of this trek is to reach the top of three passes in the Everest region – Kongma La Pass (5,535m), Cho La Pass (5,430m) and Renjo La Pass (5,340m). We will also trek to Kalapathar (5,545m), which is about 500m from Everest base camp.


Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek Route

The Jiri trek to Everest Base Camp is a classic route that has been replaced by the modern route. This trek is for those who want to experience how it used to be.

If you want to experience what the old people experienced, this trek is for you.

The Jiri trek to Everest Base Camp will take you through villages and along ridges with spectacular views of the mountains. You will also get an insight into the Sherpa culture and lifestyle.

On this trek you will be able to see both the Khumbu and Rolwaling Himalayas, including Mt. Everest (8,848m), Lhotse (8,516m), Mt. Makalu (8,463m) and many more.

The Jiri-Lukla trek is not a walk in the park, but it is well worth it!

What is the best time to trek Everest base camp?

Night View Of Mount Everest Base Camp

The best time to trek to Everest Base Camp depends primarily on your time availability and fitness level. The Everest Base Camp Trek is a 3-week journey that starts in Lukla (a 2-hour flight from Kathmandu) and ends in Namche Bazaar.

The weather in Nepal is different from the subcontinent or western countries. It is important to consider how well you will cope with the cold before planning your trip. From October to November, the weather is quite stable.

At the beginning it is pleasant, but the weather changes quickly and in November it becomes extremely cold. In December, it gets even colder, reaching as low as 10 degrees Celsius during the day, making life difficult for trekking beginners who do not have proper trekking gear. The temperature can drop to -20 degrees at night!

Everest Base Camp Trekking in Spring (March-May)

March, April and May are the months when the weather is warmer and the climb is easier. If you are planning a trekking tour in these months, you will probably have a suitable time.

However, this is also the high season for trekking in Nepal and the trails will be crowded.

There are two main factors that make spring a wonderful time for trekking tours: warm weather and clear skies. Temperatures in Nepal start to rise in March as winter comes to an end.

The weather becomes more predictable and there is less chance of rain than in the fall.

If you trek at Everest Base Camp in March, April or May, you can enjoy breathtaking views of mountains such as Everest, Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Makalu and Cho Oyu.

There is another reason why spring is the most popular season for EBC treks: the views of Mount Everest can be obscured at other times of the year by monsoon rains in summer and cold winds in winter. During these times it is difficult to see the mountains at all due to fog, haze and clouds.

Everest Base Camp Trek in Monsoon (June-September)

Everest Base Camp Trek in the monsoon season is an excellent choice for those who have limited time and do not want to rush into the crowds. The monsoon season starts in June and lasts until September.

During this time there is a high chance of rain and even snowfall. The trekking routes are then virtually deserted as people prefer to do other treks where there is less rain.

The monsoon also ensures that temperatures are quite moderate during this time of the year. So if you do not mind getting wet from time to time, the Everest Base Camp Trek in the monsoon is a good choice.

However, it is better to hire an experienced guide or porter before you start your trip. This way, you can be sure and enjoy your trip without any problems.

Everest Base Camp Trek in Autmn (October-November)

Autumn is the second busiest time to travel to Everest Base Camp. The main reason why autumn is an exciting time for trekking in the Everest region is that it is less busy than spring.

In autumn, the weather is relatively stable and dry. There are fewer clouds and you have a better view of the mountains.

The most popular months to visit Everest Base Camp in the fall are September, October and November. The trekking season in October/November is slightly longer than that in September.

This is because there are still many trekkers who want to avoid the monsoon season and continue into November.

The average temperature during this period is about 17°C (63°F) during the day and -2°C (28°F) at night.

Hiking conditions are also good during this period, making it a favorable time for trekking. Both the hiking trails and the tea houses are less crowded than in spring.

Everest Base Camp Trekking in Winter (Dec. – Feb.)

There are many people who want to enjoy the extreme weather in Everest Base Camp trekking in winter. If you are one of them, then this is the best time to do it.

Everest Base Camp trekking in winter is a great experience because you will experience the snowfall and there is a possibility that you will not meet anyone else on your way.

The mountains are covered with snow which makes them look even more beautiful. Everest Base Camp trekking in winter is recommended only for experienced trekkers and mountaineers who already have experience in high altitude trekking and expeditions.

Flight from Kathmandu to Lukla

Flight To Lukla From Kathmandu

The flight to Lukla is the most exciting and adventurous flight in Nepal. It takes only 30 minutes, but it is an experience of a lifetime.

Lukla Airport is located 2,845 meters above sea level and is considered one of the most dangerous airports in the world due to its location, short runway (only 500 meters or 1,640 feet) and high altitude.

This flight is considered one of the most dangerous flights in the world because of the difficulty of landing and taking off from the runway.

There are several airlines that offer domestic flights to Lukla, however, there are only two major airlines that fly to Lukla daily. These include Yeti Airline (with the code YT) and Tara Airline (with the code TA). The other airlines offer fewer flights per week.

The flight from Kathmanduto Lukla is in high demand all year round, except in the monsoon season due to heavy rains and poor visibility. A flight from Kathmandu to Lukla is an essential part of your trekking adventure.

Evеrеѕt Bаѕе Cаmр Trеk Itіnеrаrу

Everest Base Camp

Day 1 – Arrival in Kathmandu

You will most likely arrive in Kathmandu on a Wednesday or Thursday. You will be met at the airport by a member of our team, who will introduce you to your guide and take you to your hotel. Once at the hotel, you will meet the rest of your group for dinner.

Day 2 – Kathmandu Sightseeing

The Kathmandu Valley is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nepal. The city itself is a vibrant hub of activity and there is so much to do in Kathmandu that you could easily spend days exploring the city on your own.

Today we go on a guided tour of some of the best sights in Kathmandu, including:

  • Durbar Square
  • Swayambhunath
  • Pashupatinath Temple
  • Bouddhanath Stupa

Day 3 – Flight to Lukla, hike to Phakding (2,640 meters/8,663 feet)

You will fly to Lukla, a small town located in a valley between mountains at an altitude of 2840 meters. At the airport, you will meet your guide and porters before setting off for the first day of trekking.

On this route you will see many Buddhist prayer flags and Mani stones with carved mantras. It is almost 3 hours of walking through forests and villages until you reach Phakding (2610m).

This is a good warm-up for the rest of the hike as it is relatively flat, with gradually ascending sections followed by downhill sections.

Day 4 – Hike from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3,440 meters/11,283 feet).

Day 3 – Hike from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3,440 meters/11,283 feet).

The trail descends to the Dudh Kosi River and crosses it. The trail then climbs up to Monjo village and descends to Namche Bazaar (3,440 meters/11,283 feet).

The Dudh Kosi River is one of the most important rivers in Nepal and flows from Tibet to India. The Dudh Kosi River is also known as the Bhote Koshi River in its upper reaches.

It rises in the Rolwaling Himal at an elevation of 6,286 meters above sea level and enters Nepal at an elevation of 5,320 meters above sea level, where it flows for about 50 miles through the Khumbu Valley before entering Tibet.

Day 5 – Acclimatization day in Namche Bazaar

Check your physical condition. If you feel symptoms of AMS, you should consult a doctor immediately.

  • Drink plenty of water and avoid caffeine.
  • Explore Namche Bazaar and visit the following places:
  • The National Park Visitor Center (1 hour).
  • Museum of Sherpa Culture (1 hour)
  • Army Camp for a breathtaking view of the Himalayas, including Mt. Everest, Nuptse, etc. (30 minutes)

Day 6 – Hike from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3,870 meters/12,696 feet).

At the beginning of Day 6 of your Everest Base Camp trek, you will find that there is no scheduled acclimatization time. It is time to see if your body has adapted to the altitude.

This day is a good test to see how your legs are doing, and it is also a checkpoint for many trekkers who decide they should turn back here.

Think about it – from Tengboche, you have already covered more than half the distance needed to reach Everest Base Camp. Many people feel that they have already achieved something when they have come this far.

Day 7 – Trekking from Tengboche to Dingboche (4,410 meters/14,468 feet)

Dingboche (4,410 meters/14,468 feet): you are now entering a true mountain village with a variety of teahouses to stay in. I recommend the Himalayan Lodge if you want to treat yourself to the best food on your entire trip. The lodge is owned by Basanta’s family and serves an incredible apple pie.

Acclimatization Day: this hike is important for acclimatization as you will gain even more altitude. Consider this an extra short day to give your body time to acclimate to the altitude before you leave for Everest Base Camp Trek Day 10.

Day 8 -Rest & Acclimatization Day Dingboche

Day 8 is a day of rest and acclimatization in the Sherpa village of Dingboche. It is a great achievement to reach this point, especially if you are trekking in the Himalayas for the first time! If you have made it this far, it is quite possible that you are starting to feel the effects of altitude sickness.

You will notice some symptoms such as loss of appetite, headache, dizziness or nausea. It is not uncommon for people to have trouble sleeping at night (especially because breathing is difficult).

A full day of rest before continuing down the valley will do wonders for your body and give you the best chance to acclimatize properly.

On this day you have two options: hike to Nangkartshang Peak (5010m / 16,423ft) or relax in Dingboche. You can explore Dingboche village and learn more about Sherpa culture and traditions by visiting one of their houses or monasteries. Spend some time chatting with them over tea – they love to tell stories!

Day 9 – Trekking from Dingboche to Lobuche (4.940 meters/16.207 feet)

The hike from Dingboche to Lobuche is challenging. You will have to trek for about 5-6 hours to reach Lobuche. The trail is mostly uphill, with a steep climb in the first half of the hike.

The trail gets steeper as you get higher. You will notice that the landscape changes from green forests to sparse shrubs with snow-covered areas on the way up.

You will spend the night at the guesthouse in Lobuche.

Day 10 – Trek from Lobuche to Gorakshep and hike up Kalapathar (5,550 meters), then return to Gorekshep for overnight.

Today you will hike up to Kalapathar (5,550 m/18,204 ft.) and then return to Gorekshep for overnight. The trail is rocky, steep and difficult. Kalapathar is a small peak of 18,500 feet that lies directly above Everest Base Camp.

The climb from Gorakshep to Kalapathar is long and steep on a dusty trail, but the scenery makes up for it. The trail climbs up the left side of the Khumbu Glacier moraine before heading west around the base of Pumori and descending toward Gorak Shep.

The view from this vantage point is simply breathtaking. You have an excellent view of Mount Everest and many other neighboring peaks such as Nuptse, Lhotse Middle Peak and Lhotse Shar etc.

After spending some time in Kalapathar, you will return to Gorekshep and stay overnight in a lodge.

Day 11 – Hike from Gorekshep to EBC and back to Gorekshep. Then you will hike back to Pheriche.

The day starts with a hike back to Everest Base Camp (EBC) if you did not make it the day before. You will hike with the sunrise and see how the sun hits Mount Everest and other mountains in the distance.

If you completed the hike to EBC yesterday, today is your last day of descent from Gorakshep to Pheriche. On the way, you will enjoy even more views as you are better acclimatized than in the first days. Both routes are equally beautiful, so do not worry about missing anything if you choose one!

Day 12- Pherice to Namche Bazar

Pheriche to Namche Bazar is a long and tiring day, but the last leg of the trek. The trail leads down to Pangboche and then to Tengboche. After Tengboche, the trail goes down to Phunki Thanga and then up to Namche Bazaar (3440m).

This is a long day and you may need more time if you feel tired. We recommend spending an extra day in Pheriche or Tengboche if anyone feels tired so that everyone can reach Namche Bazaar together.

Day 13- Namche Bazaar to Phakding

After waking up with the sound of your alarm clock (if you are staying in a lodge where this is possible), you should get up and start your descent day. If it is summer, you will be able to enjoy some good views of the mountain.

After breakfast, make your way down. Most of today’s hike you will walk along the Dudh Koshi River. After a couple of hours you will reach the village of Monjo. From there it is another two hours until you reach Phakding, where you can have lunch before checking into a guesthouse for the night.

The trail from Namche Bazar to Phakding is not overly scenic, but it is still a beautiful hike through Sherpa country with several villages along the way.

Day 14- Phakding to Lukla

Today is the last day of your trek. You will trek from Phakding to Lukla, which takes only 4-5 hours and is mostly downhill. After breakfast in Phakding, you will start trekking.

The trail is wide and well marked and follows the Dudh Koshi River before you reach Lukla. On the way to Lukla you can visit a chorten built in memory of the son of Sir Edmund Hillary’s Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, who died in Lukla in 1982.

From here you will pass through several villages including Ghat, Thado Koshil and Chheplung village before reaching Lukla for lunch at your hotel. If time permits, you can take a walk around the town to explore this bustling commercial town before having dinner at your hotel in Lukla.

Day 15 – Lukla – Kathmandu

Congratulations. You have made it to Kathmandu. This is the end of your Everest Base Camp trek and you have accomplished an incredible feat. We hope you enjoyed your time in Nepal and your trek to EBC.

Your guide will take you back to your hotel in Kathmandu where you can finally relax and enjoy a shower after 15 days of trekking.

Day 16- Departure and end of the trip.

The last day of your trip and it is time to fly home. Today can be divided into two parts: Morning and Afternoon.

In the morning, visit the airport to catch your flight back home or extend your stay in Kathmandu. You can also fly to Pokhara or a nearby destination for some more fun.

In the afternoon, treat yourself to luxurious drinks, delicious food and fun activities in Thamel as a farewell. You can also plan a tour of Kathmandu (or elsewhere) if you have more days available before leaving Nepal.

Everest Base Camp Trek Permit

Final Destination Of Everest Base Camp Trek

The permit is required for anyone wishing to trek in the Everest region. The price of the permit depends on your nationality. The fees for Nepalese nationals are much lower than for foreigners.

You can get the permit at the Nepal Tourism Board office in Kathmandu or at Lukla airport. You can also get it at a local travel agency.

If you buy your EBC trekking permit in Kathmandu, it costs 20 USD per person per week and 10 USD per person per day if you stay longer than seven days.

In Lukla, it costs USD 20 per person per week and USD 25 per person per day if you stay longer than seven days.

Best option is book your trek with Agency, then your agency will take care of buying the permit so you do not have to worry about it.

Accommodation On Everest Base Camp Trek

Tea Houses at Gorak Shep before Everest Base Camp

Choosing the best accommodation for your Everest Base Camp trek is a difficult task. The EBC trek route is one of the most popular adventure destinations in the world and accordingly, there are a variety of hotels and lodges there that appeal to a wide range of travelers.

However, not all of them are equally good and therefore you need to be careful when booking your accommodation during Everest Base Camp trekking.

So what makes a good accommodation in the Everest region? Well, there are several factors that make a good accommodation during EBC trek. These are:

  • Location: A good hotel or lodge should be in an easily accessible location and offer views of the surrounding mountains.
  • Cleanliness: The hotel or lodge should be clean and hygienic and have good quality sanitary facilities.
  • Food: The hotel or lodge should offer tasty and healthy food and clean drinking water.
  • Service: The hotel staff should be courteous and helpful to the guests.

Teahouse at Everest Trek

In the Everest region, there are many teahouses where you will stay during your trek. Let us take a look at what they look like and how they compare to a typical American hotel room.

Tea houses are basically lodges where travelers can usually stay for a small fee. The name comes from the fact that many of these lodges serve food and drinks like tea and coffee.

Most tea lodges offer basic accommodation with twin or triple rooms with attached bathrooms (toilet and shower). You can book the room as single, double or triple occupancy.

A typical tea house has common areas for eating and relaxing (both indoors and outdoors). You can also use the charging facilities for your camera, cell phone or laptop, but at an additional cost per hour (usually $1 – 2/hour).

Food and beverages at Everest Tea Houses

On the Everest Base Camp trek, food is one of the most important things to pay special attention to. It is even more important than accommodation. Many people have complained about the food during the trek.

However, if you know what to expect from the tea houses and where to stay, you will not have any problems.

The tea houses in the Everest region serve simple food, but there are many options for breakfast, lunch and dinner.

You can eat a variety of foods such as bread, potatoes (fried or boiled), eggs (fried or boiled), noodles (chow mein), dal baht (safe for your stomach) and other local foods.

You can also find continental dishes like pizza, pasta and so on in some places along the way.

However, not all the food is good. So be careful when you order certain foods, as they may cause health problems due to the poor hygienic conditions in which they were prepared. That’s why I advise everyone who embarks on this adventure to try local foods as often as possible, because they are tasty and nutritious enough to meet your energy needs on this trip.

Also, they are cheap compared to Western dishes like pizza and pasta, etc., which cost $15-20 per serving, while local dishes cost only $3-5 per serving.

Lodges on the way to Everest Base Camp

Accommodation for the Everest Base Camp trek is provided by the tea lodges along the route. These lodges are not like you would see in a European country or in North America. Rather, they are simple and plain, but they provide travelers with everything they need for their trek to Everest Base Camp.

These teahouses offer single beds, double beds, and even dormitories for trekkers on their way to Everest Base Camp. The bathrooms in these teahouses are usually basic and some of them do not have hot water. But since the weather is freezing, you can do without a hot water bath for now.

The rooms in these teahouses may be a little smaller than you would expect, but they provide satisfactory accommodation for hikers.

Some of them also have Wi-Fi, but most of them do not have it yet, as the internet connection in this region has only improved recently, which means that there are still many remote areas in this region without Wi-Fi facilities

Everest Base Camp Accommodation Cost

The first thing that comes to your mind on the subject of accommodation on Everest Base Camp Trek is a room for one night for $10. However, this is not always the case. It varies from place to place, because even in the rocky regions of the Himalayas there are well-equipped hotels.

Moreover, each hotel has its own pricing policy, which depends on various factors such as location, size, quality and facilities.

The cost of a room can vary from $2 per person per night (with shared bathroom) to $100 or even more per night (for deluxe rooms with attached bathrooms).

On average, you will have to pay $8 to $10 per person for a night in teahouses near Namche Bazar.

What kind of food do you receive during Everest Base Camp trekking?

Lodges in Khumbu valley

It is a time out that you should not forget while you are there. In the end, it is never what you expect. Even if you have your checklist ready and even have your idea of food in mind, it will be a different menu every day.

If you plan to buy your meals in the mountains, remember that the cost of a meal in the mountains is very high. The higher up you go, the more expensive it becomes. A meal that might cost $3-$5 in Kathmandu can cost as much as $15 in Lukla.

You will be amazed at how expensive things get when you get high into the Himalayas. This is because fresh produce and food must be trucked from Kathmandu and then flown on small planes or carried by porters for several days or weeks before arriving at their destination.

There are some places where there are no restaurants, so you may have to eat with a local family who also cooks for their family. In such cases, do not expect anything fancy because they do not earn much and can only afford staples like rice, dal (lentil soup), vegetables (cabbage), potatoes, eggs, etc.

In total, the cost of lodging and food is about $30 per day.

Lodging costs between $2 and $5 per night.

Food at the tea house can cost you up to $20 per day, but it’s worth it! You can get everything from dal bhat to pancakes to porridge to pizza. The choice is yours, but many people like to eat well on these treks!

Overall, the cost for lodging and food is about $30 per day. You can bring a few treats with you to cut the cost if you’d like. Or splurge and enjoy!

Along the route you will find many tea stores in the villages of Namche Bazaar and Dingboche.

Food In Tea House/Tea Store

Tea stores are an important part of the teahouse system, especially in popular trekking areas like Namche Bazaar and Dingboche. In these areas, towns have developed around the teahouses for the same reason as the teashops: food, shelter, and other supplies for travelers.

When you visit one of these stores, you can expect the usual assortment of drinks and snacks, including tea (of course), coffee, bottled sodas, candy bars, and French fries. At meals – breakfast or dinner – you can choose from a variety of dishes.

If you book a package tour or hire someone to plan meals for you (through an agency or as part of an organized tour), breakfast and dinner are usually included in the price. For those who wish to prepare their own meals (e.g., by purchasing food at local stores along the way), there are also options for self-service breakfast and dinner at half the price of the full-service meals served at most teahouses during the high season.

Baked Food

Baked goods can be found at several teahouses and restaurants in Namche Bazaar, Dingboche, Gorak Shep, Pheriche and Tengboche.

You can find baked goods in several tea stores and restaurants in Namche Bazaar, Dingboche, Gorak Shep, Pheriche and Tengboche. If you are a fan of bread and other baked goods, you will enjoy them during your trek to Everest Base Camp. They taste good and are also an excellent source of energy.

If you want to add some variety to your breakfast menu, then these baked goods are the best choice for you, apart from muesli and porridge that we have suggested above.

Tea houses offer different types of spring rolls along with cookies and other snacks.

You can find spring rolls and many kinds of cookies and snacks in the tea houses along the way. Most places have plenty of cookie packs that your guide will give you for long days of walking. You will also find some other options like Maggi noodles (instant noodles), popcorn, Lays French fries, and candy bars like Snickers, etc. The chocolates and cookies will give you an instant energy boost which is helpful during long hikes.

If you are not sure whether you can eat something or not, just ask your trekking guide who can tell you whether it is suitable for consumption or not.

You can usually find these foods in tea houses, guest houses and restaurants in tea houses. Tea houses are simply small stalls serving different kinds of tea (hot water).

The food available on the Everest Base Camp Trek is not only tasty but also nutritious.

Evеrеѕt Bаѕе Cаmр Trek packing and equipment list

Ama Dablam Lhotse and top of Everest from Tengboche - Way to Everesr base camp

When you decided to do an Everest base camp trek in Nepal, you were probably enamored with the thought of climbing the highest point on earth. And as exhilarating and exciting as that may be, there are a few caveats that come with trekking at that altitude.

One of them is the extreme cold. The harsh, low air pressure up there makes temperatures drop drastically compared to what you are used to at sea level. This means that you will need to take extra layers with you on your trip.

Below we have listed a few that we learned from experience during our Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal.

  • Backpack (Everest Base Camp trek is strenuous and you will be hiking 6 to 7 hours a day, so it is important to have all your gear in one place).
  • Hiking boots (you will need a reliable pair of boots that are comfortable and will protect your feet from the weather and terrain you will encounter on the trek).
  • Trekking poles (you can use them for balance and stability when walking on uneven ground or slippery rocks).
  • Sunglasses (The protection of your eyes is important, especially during the long hikes).
  • Sunscreen (Sunglasses are not enough. You always need a sunscreen to protect your skin).
  • A down jacket (preferably water repellent, waterproof and windproof).
  • Warm clothing (The weather changes quickly here, so you will need several layers of warm clothing, including a fleece, wool socks and thermal layers).
  • Water bottle/drinking backpack (You can buy bottled water, but it’s expensive. A hydration pack is a convenient way to carry water because it weighs less than a bottle).
  • Sleeping Bag is Must  – In addition to your backpack, a sleeping bag can be a critical variable for comfort and warmth on your hike. There are different types of sleeping bags for the different weather conditions that prevail in Nepal, from fall to winter. You can buy them in Kathmandu or Pokhara at affordable prices.
  • Comfortable pants
  • Headlamp and spare batteries
  • Toiletries
  • Cap, scarf and bandana
  • Rainwear
  • Underwear and socks
  • Rain jacket and pants
  • Cameras to take all kinds of pictures.

Make sure you are well prepared for your trek by taking a valid passport, money and bank card, travel insurance and a first-aid kit.

 These are the important things that you should not forget on such a hike.

How much does the Evеrеѕt Base Cаmр Trеk cost?

Namche Bazar in Khumbu region Nepal

The cost of Everest Base Camp Trek depends on your choice of accommodation, itinerary, transportation and length of the trip. The cost of this trek varies from $1000 USD to $4000 USD.

The average cost is $1500 USD per person. However, the cost of this trek varies from agency to agency and their services.

Not included are your international flights to and from Nepal, visas to enter Nepal, travel insurance for the duration of your stay in Nepal, alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverages, laundry service, visas to re-enter Nepal (if required), airport departure fees, tips for guides, porters and drivers, medical expenses related to pre-existing conditions, and personal items such as medications, toiletries, etc.

Let us break down the total cost into the individual items so you know what is included and what is not. This will help you estimate the cost of your own expenses. It will also tell you how much you will pay for the various services during your trip.

Flight from Kathmandu to Lukla-

US$150 – US$200 per person.

Accommodation in teahouses and guesthouses during the trek:

Approximately US$30 – US$50 per day, including all meals.

Porter and guide costs: Approximately US$25 

US$30 per day per porter (a porter carries a maximum of 15 kg), plus food and lodging for them. Your guide usually expects about US$20 – US$25 per day, plus food and lodging for himself.

Permits: Permit costs

There are only two permits you will need for this trek: a TIMS (Trekker Information Management System) card and a Sagarmatha National Park permit. Both are inexpensive.

The TIMS card costs 2,000 NPR (about $20 USD) and the national park permit costs 3,000 NPR ($30 USD). You can get both in Kathmandu or in Lukla if you want to save time.

It is best to get them through your tour operator or trekking agency in Kathmandu.

Travel insurance: Strongly recommended

How risky or dangerous is the Everest Base Camp trek route?

Gokyi Ri-Renjo In Winter

Everest Base Camp Trekking Route is a moderate trekking route and a challenging route for people who are not physically fit. Even though Everest Base Camp Trek Route is not a technical climbing route, it is always advisable to prepare yourself physically and mentally before you start the trek.

The altitude of Everest Base Camp trek route is 5364 meters above sea level and Lukla is 2800 meters above sea level. So during Everest Base Camp trekking you will trek at an altitude of more than 2000m above sea level, which makes it a dangerous trekking in Nepal.

It has been reported that the average annual temperature in Lukla is 8C (46F). During the day, temperatures can reach 20C (68F) at lower elevations, while night temperatures can drop below freezing even in summer.

In recent years, the number of people who have died due to altitude sickness on the way to Everest base camp has increased. From 2017 to 2018, almost 20 people have died from altitude sickness on this route.

Tips to avoid risks:

  • Always stay hydrated and drink enough water throughout the day.
  • Avoid any kind of strenuous activity during the trek.
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables rich in fiber and vitamin C to stay healthy during trekking.
  • Always ask for help if you experience symptoms of altitude sickness or other health problems during trekking.

Everest base camp trekking route is not risky or dangerous, but you should pay attention to some things that can cause you difficulties

What fitness level is required for the Everest Base Camp Trek?

Everest Base Camp Trek in November

This is a question I am often asked. It happens again and again that people show up halfway and are told by their guide that they are not fit enough to continue.

The trek starts in Lukla, which is about 2800 meters above sea level. Throughout the trip, you will have to walk over 5,600 meters (about half the altitude of a commercial airliner) at the highest point in Kalapathar.

Therefore, you must have enough endurance and aerobic skills to be successful at the end of your trip.

In order to have a good fitness level, you need to do some exercises before the trip. For this preparation, you will need 45 minutes every day, 6 days a week. You can ride a bike, run or even walk briskly for this purpose.

You need to do these exercises at least 6 months before the trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek is a moderately challenging trek that requires a sufficient level of fitness and endurance. You should have some experience in hiking or walking and be able to walk up to 8 hours a day in rough terrain.

If you have no previous experience, we recommend that you do some training before your trip, such as hiking, running, swimming or cycling.

Do you need an earlier trekking experience for this Everest Base Camp trek?

Renjo la -Gokyo Ri Route Variation Of Everest Base Camp Trek

In most cases, the answer to this question is no. You do not need any previous trekking experience for this hike. You can do this trek regardless of whether you have done an easy trek or a strenuous trek before.

If you have previous experience of other moderate treks, this will definitely be an added advantage for you.

Also, for Everest Base Camp Trek, we recommend you to do some climbing before starting this trek. It will help you to get used to the altitude and understand the trek better. If you are well prepared physically and mentally, you will have a good time on your trek.

In general, you just need to be fit and healthy to do Everest Base Camp Trek 2020. We also recommend you to take medicines to prevent diseases like AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness).

Recommendation – If you are a beginner or have no experience of trekking in Nepal, then I would recommend you to start with one of these treks: “Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek“, “Annapurna Base Camp Trek“, “Everest View Trek” or “Langtang Valley Trek“.

All these treks offer a perfect introduction and give you an idea of what it is like to trek in Nepal. And yes, these treks also introduce you to high altitude hiking.

I would highly recommend this kind of “preparation” for the Everest Base Camp Trek, as it will give you enough time to acclimatize and get used to the altitude.

How many days does it take to do the Everest Base Camp Trek?

Mount Pumori In Autmn

The duration of your Everest Base Camp trek depends on various factors such as your physical fitness, hiking experience and age.

The average duration for this trek is two weeks, but you can extend or shorten it to fit your schedule.

Many people ask about the total number of days needed for Everest Base Camp Trek as there are different variations of EBC trekking packages.

Everest Base Camp Trek, also known as EBC trekking, can be completed in 12 or 14 days depending on the itinerary and route. If you are traveling via Jiri (which is in central Nepal), you will need to allow at least 3-4 extra days as it takes about 6-7 days to walk from Jiri to Lukla.

If you are planning a short trip, you can also complete this trek in 10 days. You can even finish it in 6 days if you travel by helicopter and stay overnight in Gorakshep.

However, this way you will miss some beautiful landscapes and cultural experiences.

If you have more time, we recommend you to complete this trek in 15-16 days so that you can enjoy every moment and have enough rest during the acclimatization periods.

You can also make some side trips, such as Namche Bazaar, Tengboche Monastery or Khumjung village to have additional experiences during your acclimatization days.

Stауіng Hеаlthу & Avoiding Altіtudе Sісknеѕѕ оn уоur Evеrеѕt Bаѕе Cаmр Trеk

Sandeep at Kala Pathar

Kеер уоurѕеlf in gооd form by еxеrсіѕіng 30 mіnutеѕ a dау.

The most important thing you can do to stay healthy on your Everest Base Camp trek is to prepare yourself physically by exercising for 30 minutes a day for about 6 months before your trip.

This does not have to be an intense workout, but it should be either some form of walking/running or aerobic activity (such as cycling, swimming, or an elliptical trainer).

Avoid Unhealthy Food

Also, try to avoid unhealthy snacks like French fries and chocolate. Nothing tastes as good as chocolate at base camp, but it’s not good for your body. Avoid convenience foods, carbonated drinks, and anything high in sugar.

Start eating more vegetables and fruits! If you are on a diet, try to stick to it, but eat carbohydrates! You will need that energy!

Travel with an experienced Frіеnd or a group

It’s invaluable to travel with an experienced friend or group – especially if you have never trekked in the Himalayas before, as it can be a little intimidating. The skills of your guide will come in handy on many occasions, for example:

Briefings on your arrival in Kathmandu and preparing for your departure to Lukla.

If you want to plan how long you will need between camps (or if you should allow extra days) so that your body can adjust properly before you climb another thousand meters of altitude.

Eating and drinking enough is one of the best ways to keep yourself healthy.

You should make sure to eat a diet rich in carbohydrates and plenty of fruits and vegetables. A high-protein diet is fine, but you do not need to eat large meals.

Do not overdo it with food and eat your fill, but avoid overeating to keep your body in top shape.

Also avoid fatty foods, as they are harder to digest at altitude and can contribute to sluggishness and upset stomach (which can be difficult to manage at high altitudes).

Alcohol consumption is also discouraged on the hike, as you will want to put all your energy into climbing the mountain!

Altitude sickness does not only occur when you climb from sea level to 5500 meters overnight, as is the case for those who try to climb  in a few days; it occurs when the body does not have enough time to acclimate properly.

Everest Base camp trekking means spending several days at altitude without descending below 3000m. So a healthy body before, during and after trekking will affect how well you do.

Aссlimаtіzаtіоn ѕtrаtеgіеѕ are essential when it comes to avoiding altitude sickness on your Evеrеѕt Bаѕе Camp Trek.

Although it may be tempting to get to the famous sights quickly, it is important to descend back down the mountain or take a rest day. These are essential for acclimatization. It is better to take more time and enjoy the trip than to go quickly and make yourself sick.

  • Do not drink alcohol and do not do sports at high altitudes
  • Avoid taking sleeping pills
  • Stay hydrated
  • Keep warm (even at night)
  • Take Diamox if you experience symptoms of altitude sickness

Acclimatization is not automatic

you must give your body enough time for this process to occur naturally. Some trekkers do not inform themselves sufficiently before they leave for Everest Base Camp, and assume that they will already be acclimatized when they get higher. This can lead to altitude sickness later on the trail when trekkers are too far from civilization to treat and recover.

Hiking at your own Pace

When hiking the Evеrеѕt Bаѕе Cаmр Trek, you should walk at your own pace. When hiking, you should find a pace that is comfortable for you and maintain it. Along the trek, you will come across a number of tea houses that serve as checkpoints.

Each day you should try to reach the checkpoint before nightfall and have enough time to rest in the afternoon so that your body has time to acclimatize to the environment.

The іmроrtаnсе of ассlіmаtіzаtіоn.

When traveling to altitudes above 3,000 meters, it is important for your body to become accustomed (or acclimatized) to the reduced amount of oxygen at these altitudes (known as hypobaric hypoxia). Failure to do so can result in altitude sickness, which can sometimes be fatal.

To avoid this, after reaching 3,000 meters, climb no more than 300-500 meters of altitude per day and, if possible, sleep at an even lower altitude than where you spent last night, or climb high and sleep low! If you notice that you are getting altitude sick, you can quickly descend to a lower altitude to recover!

Carry Medicine kit with you

Carry a medicine kit with you. It is important to have a medicine case with you when you hike.

However, it is equally important to consult your doctor before you travel and get advice on what medicines you should carry and what precautions you should take.

You can buy most medicines in Kathmandu, but some may not be available or may be sold at a very high price, so it is better to bring them from home (consult your doctor before buying or taking any medicines). Basic things to include in your first aid kit are:

  • Paracetamol (acetaminophen) – for headaches, fever and pain.
  • Diamox – for altitude sickness
  • Antibiotic – for dysentery, diarrhea, etc.
  • Rehydration powder or tablets – to prepare an oral rehydration fluid that prevents dehydration caused by diarrhea, vomiting or heat exposure.
  • Antiemetic -for nausea and vomiting.

Do I need a guide for the Everest Base Camp Trek?

Everest Panorama From Renjo La

The best thing about trekking to Everest Base Camp is that it does not involve much technical difficulty. If you can complete a 10-mile walk in 3 to 4 hours, then you are well equipped for the trek.

The only thing that independent trekkers lack is their knowledge about the region and the trail. You can find a lot of information on the internet and in guidebooks, but none of it is as detailed as what you will get from an experienced guide.

Therefore, we strongly recommend you hire a guide for Everest Base Camp trek.

An Everest base camp trek guide will help you plan your trip well. He knows the terrain well and can keep you away from dangerous routes.

Guides have in-depth knowledge of the mountains and can explain or highlight many things along the way that you may not notice or ignore if you are traveling alone.

A guide will also take care of all the logistics, such as booking accommodations, organizing meals, and other travel arrangements during your stay in Nepal.

With a guide, you only have to focus on hiking and nature while he takes care of everything else.

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Shera Sherpa Adventures is the #1 trekking company in Nepal. We help our clients to finish their trekking tour safely, saving time and money.

We help you plan your trek from start to finish – and also help you settle in once you arrive in Nepal. From hotel bookings to transportation reservations, we take care of everything so all you have to do is relax and enjoy!